GOVERNING THE ALGERIAN SOCIETY
ORGANIZATION OF POWERS:
The executive power
The legislative power
CONTROL AND CONSULTATIVE INSTITUTIONS
Algerian people are a free people, and decided to remain so.
Its history is a long series of struggles which always made Algeria a
land of freedom and dignity.
Being at the heart of great events witnessed by the Mediterranean area
throughout history, Algeria has found in her sons, since the Numid era and
the islamic epic and up to the wars of decolonization, the pioneers of
freedom, unity and progress as well as builders of democratic and prosperous
States during the periods of glory and peace.
The 1st of November 1954 was a turning point for its destiny and a
crowning for the long resistance to agressions carried out against its
culture, its values and the fundamental components of its identity which are
Islam, Arabity and Amazighity. Its current struggles are well rooted in the
glorious past of the nation.
Gathered in the national movement and later within the National Front of
Liberation, the Algerian people have made great sacrifices in order to
assume their collective destiny in the framework of recovered freedom and
cultural identity and to build authentic people’s democratic constitutional
The National Front of Liberation crowned the sacrifices of the best sons
of Algeria during the people’s war of liberation with independence and built
a modern and full sovereign State.
The belief in the collective choices allowed the people to achieve great
successes, characterised by the recovery of the national ressources and the
building of a State exclusively for the benefit of the people and exercising
freely its powers and without any external pressures.
Having fought and still fighting for freedom and democracy, the Algerian
people, by this Constitution, decided to build constitutional institutions
based on the participation of any Algerian, man and woman, in the management
of public affairs; and on the ability to achieve social justice, equality
and freedom for all.
The constitution is the concretization of the people’s genuis, the
reflection of their aspirations, the fruit of their determination and the
product of the deep social changes.Thus, in approving this Constitution, the
people are, more than ever, decided to consider the law above everything.
The Constitution is above all, it is the fundamental law which guarantees
the individual and collective rights and liberties, protects the principle
of the people’s free choice and gives the legitimacy to the exercise of
powers. It helps to ensure the legal protection and the control of the
public authorities in a society in which lawfulness and man’s progress
prevail in all its dimensions.
Strong with their deeply rooted spiritual values and preserving their
traditions of solidarity and justice, the people are confident in their
ability to participate efficiently in the cultural, social and economic
progress of the present and future world.
Algeria, being a land of Islam, an integral part of the Great Maghreb, an
Arab land, a Mediterranean and African country is proud of the radiance of
its 1st of November Revolution and is honoured by the respect the country
gained and knew how to preserve it through its engagement towards the just
causes in the world.
The pride of the people, their sacrifices, their sense of responsibility
and their ancestral attachment to freedom and to social justice are the best
guaranty for the respect to this Constitution which they adopt and transmit
to future generations, heirs of the freedom pioneers and the builders of